Thursday, January 23, 2020

Censorship Gone Too Far :: Argumentative Persuasive Essays

Censorship Gone Too Far Seven Works Cited Have you ever walked into a music store and seen those parental advisory stickers on most of todays' popular music? Or have you seen those TV ratings on the top left corner of your favorite shows? How about the ratings on your favorite video games? I'm sure you have, but do you really know what those so-called harmless stickers, and images do to the world of entertainment and your freedom of expression for that matter? A recent craze to promote "family values" in the U.S. has caused censorship panels to go entirely too far with the censorship of the entertainment industry including television, radio, the Internet, and even authors. Not only do the customers suffer by having parental bans on their favorite music, but the musicians suffer as well. The musicians are betrayed by their own labels, who are there to support them, not hurt them! The world of music is basically a collage of the artist's thoughts, so banning what they write is a violation of their freedom of speech. (Crowley, 1) One of those artists is three time Grammy winner Sheryl Crow. In 1996, Crow released her self-titled album to her many awaiting fans. When most went to their local Wal*Mart to pick it up, they were turned down because of the contents in the lyrics. (Family-Friendly..., 76) Wal*Mart said the lyrics were offensive and argued that Crow, and her record label change the offensive lyrics. (Family-Friendly..., 76) When Crow and her label refused to change the lyrics, Wal*Mart and many other large-retail stores refused to sell her album. (Family-Friendly, 76) That was not the only time a large retail store refused the sale of an item! In 1986, Wal*Mart stopped the sale of certain rock magazine, including Creem and Rolling Stone. (Family-Friendly..., 76) The company argued that the magazines conflicted with the family oriented atmosphere they tried to maintain. (Family Friendly..., 76) The same goes for the CDs with Parental Advisories. Wal*Mart and most large retail stores like it, will not sell any Parental Advisories CDs. Therefore, they have decided to clean up those CDs before putting them on the shelves, altering them in many ways to get rid of the so-called explicit lyrics.

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Tree top walk in fern tree park

Executive SummaryKeeping ecological value and commercial value is so of import to a national park that developing new land usage method is of great significance. Ferntree Gully National Park used to be a hunting land by the Bunurong ( Western Port ) and Woiworung ( Yarra Yarra ) natives for 100s of old ages. It is now a popular walking finish with many walking paths available. This study will give certain On-the-spot probe and research analysis to the current state of affairs of Ferntree Gully National Park. First, we will reexamine the long history and important alterations of this park. Then, we will give analyses and treatments on the environmental characteristics and on this footing propose a manner of land usage alteration. In this subdivision, certain statistics along with charts from our old group work will be used to back up my positions. Finally, effects of the proposed land usage alteration will be discussed and the possible advantages and disadvantages will be expected.Int roductionWith touristry going the thriving and back uping industry of many national states, national Parkss account for a great proportion in the modern travel manner. Therefore, keeping the ecological and commercial values of these Parkss is non merely of import but besides a serious job. Ferntree Gully National Park is one of the five subdivisions of Dandenong Ranges National Park. Bing the south western subdivision of Dandenong Ranges National Park, Ferntree Gully National Park is celebrated for its fitness-related walking and it is besides a popular topographic point for field daies. In order to take full advantage of this national park and keep its ecological and commercial values, researches are conducted and we besides visit this national park. Consequently, this study will discourse the current state of affairs we have learned of this site. And based on this, to assist keeping the ecological and commercial values of this park, constructing a tree-top walk in this site will b e proposed as a manner of land usage alteration. The possible effects including both advantages and disadvantages of this tree-top walk will be discussed at the terminal of this study. During the analysis and treatment, certain statistics and illustrations will be used to enrich this study and back up my point of position.Discussion and AnalysisSite researchThe south-western subdivision, busying about 600 hectares being portion of the larger Dandenong Ranges National park, is known as Ferntree Gully National Park which was named after an 1860 picture of the local wood ( Ferntree Gully, Upper, 2008-11-26 ) . Bing in the suburb country, this national park has a long and colourful history. As studied in the old group work, this site had been used as runing land and so logging country. In 1987 Sherbrooke Forest, Doongalla Reserve and Ferntree Gully National Park were combined to organize the early Dandenong Ranges National Park. Until June 1997, Olinda State Forest and the Mt Evelyn Forest are included in today ‘s Dandenong Ranges National Park. Ferntree Gully National Park is an ideal finish to get away metropolis life for a field day or amble through the wood for tourers all over the universe. It is noted for its walking paths, its positions of Melbourne, its ferneries, eucalypt woods, picnic countries, birdlife, mammals and its vegetations, including 47 species of native orchids, native grasses, eucalypts and bushs such as shrub pea and austral anil ( Ferntree Gully, Upper, 2008-11-26 ) .Site visit studyLocation As we have studied in the old group work, this site is in the south western subdivision of the Dandenong Ranges National Park, it locates between the suburbs of Ferntree Gully and Boronia to the West, Upwey to the South, Tremont and Sassafras to the E and The Basin to the North ( Wikipedia ) . From the map shown below, traffic is convenient in this site. Approximately one hr of the 40 kilometres drive from Melbourne via Burwood Highway or Canterbury Road can take you to the site. Geology Landform The GPS map below approximately shows the Landform of Ferntree Gully National Park. With the aid of GPS, geomorphology development of this site can be studied. Harmonizing to the Department of Primary Industry ‘s description of comparative lift ( McDonald et Al, cited in DPI – Relative Elevation ) , the landforms of Ferntree Gully National Park are classified in two types: height from 90 to 300 metres and altitude above 300 metres. The former is defined as ‘Hill ‘ and the latter ‘Mountain ‘ . Dirt Soil PH is an of import portion of the life environmental conditions for workss and dirt microorganisms. The ideal dirt PH ( H2O ) trial consequence is PH 6-7.5 for most sorts of workss, although many will digest PH 5.5-8.5. Different species may hold different preferred PH scopes, therefore considerations should be taken to take an appropriate life circumstance. From Figure 3, the dirt PH is likely to be 5.5-6.0, looking to be influenced by the vent magma, and shows decrepit acidic. For the bulk workss here ( ferns ) , the most approximative dirt PH is merely 5.5-6.0. Therefore, the local workss species have already been in ideal life conditions in this reasonably acidic circumstance, although the dirt PH is non in the perfect impersonal scope. Climate Rain may impact the local workss and microorganisms. Moderate rainfall may contribute to the exuberant flora and comfortable bugs. The mean rainfall of this site holds steady throughout the twelvemonth harmonizing to Figure 4. Of the rainfall studied by now, the sum of rainfall in February 2011 is about ternary of the average rainfall during the last 17years. This inordinate rainfall may increase the hazards of deluging in the country. As can be seen in Figure 5, topography of the zone does hold influence on the rainfall in this country. The above figure shows a wetting agent western confronting incline and a drier eastern confronting incline. The ground seems to be that the predominating air current from the ocean blows from the West and weakens before making the E. Another of import factor to explicate the local clime must be temperature. Figure 6 shows the maximal temperatures at this site and Figure 7 shows the minimal temperatures. Both figures show that the temperatures of November to March are higher than the other months, which matches with the features of summer seasons of the southern hemisphere. Hydrology Water is the beginning of the life. Water keeps the organisms operation and the land green. From Figure 8, two little brooks can be seen: Ferntree Gully Creek to the south/east and the feeders of Blind Creek to the West, which finally lead to the Dandenong Creek and flows into Port Phillip Bay ( Victorian Water Resources Interactive Map ) . It is a job that no major H2O organic structure is within this site. Ecology Vegetation The coverage of land flora has certain effects on the ambiance and clime in this country. Plant photosynthesis can devour C dioxide and supply O therefore purifies air and weakens the nursery consequence. Harmonizing to the old group work, the species of flora within this site portion a broad scope. In Figure 9, flora of this site can be divided into their native flora group. In Figure 10, it is specified harmonizing to the categorization made by the Department of Sustainability and Environment. The similarity of both figures shows that the flora within this site is separated into many communities and owes a broad scope. Faunas Another biological feature of an eco-system is fauna which forms the cardinal portion of the nutrient concatenation. The superior flora conditions help to back up a assortment of mammals and supply shelters for them.Effectss of constructing a Tree-Top Walk in this siteHarmonizing to the probe and analysis of this site, the park is an ideal topographic point for sightseeing and touristry. With the rapid development of Australian touristry, it is necessary to keep the ecological and commercial values of this park in the long term.fifty Tree-Top WalkThe Tree-Top Walk was the lone Australian attractive force to win an award and was chosen from more than 75 entries from 38 states ( TOURISM WESTERN AUSTRALIA ) . Since it foremost put into usage, it attracts 1000s of repetition clients. Harmonizing to a sample study of 385 on Tree-Top Walk in the south West of Western Australia ( Hughes, M. & A ; Morrison-Saunders, A. , 2002 ) , consequences showed that ‘the bulk of repetition visitan ts to the Tree-Top Walk were female and had returned to demo the site to friends and/or relations who were first clip visitants. First clip visitants were impressed by both the Tree-Top Walk construction itself and the natural forest milieus ‘ . Figure 12 shows a exposure of the Tree-Top Walk.cubic decimeter EffectssAdvantagesTree-Top Walk helps to keep the ecological and commercial values of Ferntree Gully National Park. Tree-Top Walk itself non merely provides a convenient and perfect position of the eco-beauty, but besides it is a giant of modern architecture. Looking down from the high paseo, tourers can good bask the rain forest below and take a breath fresh air at the same clip without destructing the ecosystem. Repeated clients besides bring high benefits for the park. Given below are illustrations of Tree-Top Walk in different attractive forces. ‘The HSBC Tree-Top Walk,a freestanding suspension span, connects the two highest points of MacRitchie and offers an first-class vantage point for the diverse community of workss and animate beings that live in the forest canopy. ‘ ( TA_Singapore_Guide,2010 ) ‘The walk commences at the visitant Centre, which subtly introduces you to the rain forest, falling gently to the entry construction and onto the steel trussed tree walk. ‘ ( Otway Fly Tree-Top Walk )DisadvantagesThingss ever have two sides, no exclusion for Tree-Top Walk. This immense building giant is time-consuming and money-consuming. The park will likely be closed during the building for a long clip and the immense sum of money will be another job. Besides, security steps for possible dangers are to be considered. A survey concentrating on whether the Tree-Top Walk delivered benefits associated with traditional ecotourism shows no optimistic ( HUGHES M. , MORRISON-SAUNDERS A. , 2003 ) .DecisionConstructing a Tree-Top Walk is likely to be an anticipating land usage alteration for Ferntree Gully National Park. Harmonizing to researches and surveies above, it does supply a manner to keep the ecological and commercial values of this site. Although it may confront certain hazards, the possible net incomes accompanied may be immense. Detailed programs and plans should be developed if this undertaking is to be carried out.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Birthright Citizenship in the United States

Birthright citizenship in the United States is the legal principle that any person born on U.S. soil automatically and immediately becomes a U.S. citizen. It contrasts with U.S. citizenship obtained through naturalization or acquisition—citizenship granted by virtue of being born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent. A â€Å"birthright† is defined as any right or privilege to which a person is entitled by virtue of birth. Long challenged in both the courts of law and public opinion, the policy of birthright citizenship remains highly controversial today, particularly when applied to children born to undocumented immigrant parents. Key Takeaways: Birthright Citizenship Birthright citizenship is the legal principle that any person born on U.S. soil automatically becomes a citizen of the United States.Birthright citizenship was established in1868 by the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution and confirmed by the US Supreme Court in the 1898 case of United States v. Wong Kim Ark.Birthright citizenship is granted to persons born in the 50 U.S. states and the U.S. territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.Today, birthright citizenship is a highly controversial issue as it applies to children born to parents who have entered the United States illegally. Jus Soli and Jus Sanguinis Citizenship Birthright citizenship is based on the principle of â€Å"jus soli,† a Latin term meaning â€Å"right of the soil.† According to jus soli, a person’s citizenship is determined by their place of birth. As in the United States, jus soli is the most common means by which citizenship is acquired. Jus Soli is in contrast to â€Å"jus sanguinis,† meaning â€Å"right of the blood,† the principle that a person’s citizenship is determined or acquired by the nationality of one or both parents. In the United States, citizenship can be acquired by either jus soli, or less commonly, by jus sanguinis.   Legal Basis of US Birthright Citizenship In the United States, the policy of birthright citizenship is based in the Citizenship Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, stating â€Å"[a]ll persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.† Ratified in 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment was enacted to override the 1857 U.S. Supreme Court’s Dred Scott v. Sandford decision which had denied citizenship to former African American slaves. In the 1898 case of United States v. Wong Kim Ark, the U.S. Supreme Court confirmed that under the Fourteenth Amendment, full U.S. citizenship cannot be denied to any person born within the United States, regardless of the citizenship status of the parents at the time. Under the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924, birthright citizenship is similarly granted to any person born in the United States to a member of an Indian, Eskimo, Aleutian, or other aboriginal tribe. Under the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, U.S. jus soli birthright citizenship, as established by the Fourteenth Amendment, is automatically granted to any person born within any of the 50 states and the territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. In addition, jus sanguinis birthright citizenship is granted (with some exceptions) to persons born to U.S. citizens while in other countries.   The above statutes and subsequent legislative amendments are compiled and codified into the United States Code of Federal Laws at 8 U.S.C.  § 1401 to define who becomes a United States citizen at birth. According to federal law, the following persons shall be deemed U.S. citizens at birth: A person born in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof.A person born in the United States to a member of an Indian, Eskimo, Aleutian, or other aboriginal tribe.A person born in an outlying possession of the United States of parents one of whom is a citizen of the United States who has been physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for a continuous period of one year at any time prior to the birth of such person.A person of unknown parentage found in the United States while under the age of five years, until shown, prior to his attaining the age of twenty-one years, not to have been born in the United States. The Birthright Citizenship Debate While the legal concept of birthright citizenship has withstood years of challenges in the courts of law, its policy of automatically granting U.S. citizenship to children of undocumented immigrants has not fared as well in the court of public opinion. For example, a 2015 Pew Research Center survey found that 53% of Republicans, 23% of Democrats, and 42% of Americans overall favor changing the Constitution to bar citizenship for children born in the U.S. to undocumented immigrant parents. Many opponents of birthright citizenship argue that it encourages expectant parents to come to the U.S. simply to give birth in order to improve their own chances of attaining legal resident (green card) status—a practice often called â€Å"birth tourism.† According to a Pew Hispanic Center analysis of Census Bureau data, an estimated 340,000 of the 4.3 million babies born in the United States in 2008 were born to â€Å"unauthorized immigrants.† The Pew study further estimates that a total of about four million American-born children of unauthorized immigrant parents lived in the U.S. in 2009, along with about 1.1 million foreign-born children of unauthorized immigrant parents. Controversially calling it the â€Å"anchor baby† situation, some lawmakers have suggested legislation to change how and when birthright citizenship is granted. The 2015 Pew analysis found that birthright citizenship was granted to about 275,000 babies born to undocumented immigrant parents in 2014, or about 7% of all births in the U.S. that year. That number represents a drop from the peak year of illegal immigration in 2006 when about 370,000 children—about 9% of all births—were born to undocumented immigrants. In addition, about 90% of undocumented immigrants who give birth in the U.S. have resided in the country for more than two years before giving birth. On October 30, 2018, President Donald Trump escalated the debate by stating that he intended to issue an executive order completely removing the right of citizenship to people born in the U.S. to foreign nationals under any circumstances—an act some argue would essentially repeal the Fourteenth Amendment. The president set no timeline for his proposed order, so birthright citizenship—as established by the Fourteenth Amendment and United States v. Wong Kim Ark—remains the law of the land. Other Countries With Birthright Citizenship According to the independent, non-partisan Center for Immigration Studies, the United States along with Canada and 37 other countries, most of which are in the Western Hemisphere, offer largely unrestricted jus soli birthright citizenship. No Western Europe countries offer unrestricted birthright citizenship to all children born within their borders. Over the last decade, many countries, including France, New Zealand, and Australia, have abandoned birthright citizenship. In 2005, Ireland became the last country in the European Union to abolish birthright citizenship. Sources and Further Reference Arthur, Andrew R. (November 5, 2018). Birthright Citizenship: An Overview. Center for Immigration Studies.Smith, Rogers M. (2009). Birthright Citizenship and the Fourteenth Amendment in 1868 and 2008. University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law.Lee, Margaret (May 12, 2006). U.S. Citizenship of Persons Born in the United States to Alien Parents. Congressional Research Service.Da Silva, Chantal. (October 30, 2018). Trump Says He Plans to Sign Executive Order to Terminate Birthright Citizenship. CNN.

Sunday, December 29, 2019

The Comma in Punctuation

A comma is a  punctuation mark  that separates elements and ideas within a sentence. The comma is the most common mark of punctuation—and the most commonly misused. In his  Time magazine essay,  In Praise of the Humble Comma, author and essayist Pico Iyer compared the  punctuation mark to a flashing yellow light that asks us only to slow down. Knowing when to insert that flashing light (the comma)  and when it is better to let the sentence ride on without interruption is a conundrum that challenges even the most expert of writers. Learning a few simple rules can help you master when to use a comma and when to omit it. How to Use Commas Correctly Place a comma in front of any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor, or, so, and yet) that joins two independent clauses  in a compound sentence. Author  Maya Angelou  used this example of a comma before a coordinating conjunction: I sliced onions, and Bailey opened two or even three cans of sardines and allowed their juice of oil and fishing boats to ooze down and around the sides. (Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings) Note how Angelous sentence contains two independent clauses—each could stand on its own as a sentence—but the author, instead, decided to join them with the coordinating conjunction  and, which was preceded with a comma. If the two independent clauses are short, however, you can usually omit the comma: Jimmy rode his bike and Jill walked. In most cases, do  not  use a comma before a conjunction that links two words or phrases: Jack  and  Diane sang  and  danced all night. In a Series Use commas to separate words and phrases in a series of three or more: Everyone hollered, hooted, back-slapped, and jumped into the air. (Keith  Nolan,  Into Cambodia) Use a  comma to separate  adjectives  that are  coordinate  (adjectives that are interchangeable before or after a  noun): The books are  trim, crisp, clean,  especially in the moment when they arrive from the printer in a cardboard box. (John  Updike,  Self-Consciousness) You can tell whether adjectives are coordinate by inserting the conjunction  and  between them. If the sentence makes sense, the adjectives are coordinate and should be separated by commas. By contrast,  cumulative adjectives—two or more  adjectives  that build on one another and together  modify  a  noun—are generally  not  separated by  commas: I  wrote in a marble-floored room at the back of the little lavender house we rented on Essex Road. (John  Updike,  Self-Consciousness) After an Introductory Clause To signal a pause, use a comma after an introductory word, phrase, or clause: For  the first few days of his life, Wilbur was allowed to live in a box near the stove in the kitchen. (E.B. White, Charlottes Web)   Use a comma after a  phrase  or  clause  that precedes the  subject  of the sentence: Lacking brothers and sisters, I was shy and clumsy in the give and take and push and pull of human interchange. (John  Updike,  Self-Consciousness) If the introductory element doesnt require a pause, you can usually omit the comma. To Set Off Phrases Use commas to set off  interrupting phrases  and  nonrestrictive elements—words, phrases, or clauses that provide  added (though not essential) information to a sentence. For example: He sat back in his chair, slightly ashamed of himself, and laid down his pen. (George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four)   But dont use commas to set off words that directly affect the essential meaning of the sentence: Your manuscript is both good and original. But the part that is good is not original, and the part that is original is not good. (Samuel Johnson) Other Uses for Commas Use a comma between the day and year in a date, in numbers greater than 999 (except in street addresses and years), and between the city and state in a location: The last time I was there was Jan. 8, 2008.The house is located at 1255 Oak Street, Huntsville, Ala.He had 1,244,555 marbles in his collection.In the year 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue. When a phrase refers to a month, day, and year, set off the year with a comma, says The Associated Press Stylebook, 2018: Feb. 14, 2020, is the target date The Oxford, or Serial, Comma The  Oxford  comma, also called the serial comma, precedes the  conjunction  before the final item in a list of three or more items. It is usually optional and is generally  not  used when only  two  parallel  items are connected by a conjunction:  faith and charity: This song was composed by Moe, Larry, and  Curly. Though the  AP Stylebook  is a notable exception, most American  style guides  recommend using the serial comma for the sake of  clarity  and consistency. In contrast, most British style guides discourage use of the serial comma unless the items in the series would be confusing without it. As Joan I. Miller says in The Punctuation Handbook: Nothing is gained by omitting the final comma in a  list, while clarity can be lost in some cases through misreading. The Oxford comma is so called because it has traditionally been used by editors and printers at Oxford University Press. New Englanders may favor the term  Harvard comma  (the convention is also followed by Harvard University Press). Commas and Meaning The comma can alter the  meaning of a sentence, says  Noah Lukeman in A Dash of Style: The Art and Mastery of Punctuation: The windows with the glass treatment are holding up well.The windows, with the glass treatment, are holding up well. In the latter sentence, the windows are holding up well because of the glass treatment, says Lukeman. In the former, the windows, which were treated with a glass treatment, are holding up well in general. The entire meaning of the sentence changes, simply due to the comma placement, he notes. Source Miller, Joan I. The Punctuation Handbook. Paperback, Wipf Stock Pub, 1683.

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Health And Illness Are Terms That Are Commonly Interlinked,

Health and illness are terms that are commonly interlinked, and offer a topic of discussion that involves different definitions and viewpoints. For example, health can refer to physical wellness or mental stability. On the other hand, it can be used in non-medical terms, including referring to the health of a country’s economy, or the health of the education system (Kirby, 1997). Due to the varying uses and complexity of the two words, multiple definitions have been established and criticized throughout the years, while multiple sociological perspectives attempted to create a model that accurately explains the concept of health and illness, such as Marxism and functionalism. The World Health Organization (1948) defined health as a†¦show more content†¦Despite the similar definitions for both health and illness, sociologists question the nature of their concepts and emphasize that they are socially and culturally varied (Lawson and Garrod, 2000). One of the most preval ent sociological perspectives, the Marxist theory, emerged from the work of Karl Marx, a classical sociologist whose impact was mainly in the areas of industrial sociology and class analysis (Lawson and Garrod, 2000). This sociological perspective suggests that money and material possessions are the main factors that determine the quality of service an individual will receive, and further explains that health and illness are heavily influenced by the capitalist economic system (Crinson, 2007). In addition to this, it also suggests that socioeconomic backgrounds are responsible for creating the issues that require healthcare (Barkan, 2012). For example, consuming processed food with chemical additives serves as a side effect of a low income due to its cheap, mass-produced nature, and is considered to be a big detriment to health (Crinson, 2007). This, in conjunction with the inadequate health care that disadvantaged people are offered, means that they will experience sickness more of ten and receive inadequate help again, thus continuing the vicious cycle (Barkan, 2012). In addition to social class, race, ethnicity, sexuality andShow MoreRelatedThe Domestic Violence Act 1995 Essay1499 Words   |  6 Pagesas physical , sexual and psychological abuse. This abuse has a myriad of health consequences on all members of the whÄ nau, including children who witness or are subjected to this violence. The primary health care (PHC) nurse has a range of responsibilities in these contexts including screening for IPV, risk assessing, safety planning, documenting and supporting. The ramification of domestic violence asserts a myraid of health consequences for the victim and also their family and whÄ nau (Hoeata, WaimarieRead MoreAn Exploration of a Needs Orientated3802 Words   |  16 Pagespurposes – students and teachers - and was the first UK model to be used in a variety of settings; it is now used in many parts of the world and has been translated into 8 other languages, it is also popular with UK nurses and is one of the most commonly used within the UK according to Tierney, (1998). Barrett, et al suggests it is popular in the UK as it is written by British nurses and is easily understood. RLT’s model of nursing follows the process of assessment, planning, implementation and evaluationRead MoreThe Theory Of Corporate Social Responsibility7407 Words   |  30 Pageshistorical study of CSR belongs to Carroll and Shabana . It is also important to recognise the contributions made by Dahlsrud (2006), Frederick (2008), Joyner and Payne (200 2), Lee (2008), Moir (2001), and Valor (2005) to this study . Although the most commonly preferred method of studying the evolution of CSR is chronological (as famously applied by Carroll in 1999, we would instead focus our attention on the development of CSR definition, rather than historical facts that served towards overall promotionRead MoreCache Level 3 Award, Level 3 Certificate and Level 3 Diploma in Child Care and Education15197 Words   |  61 Pagesconfident about climbing†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. This may be because†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. Using the observations in E4, give examples of ways the observations provide information and evidence to support planning. This may include: evaluation of evidence, making individual, short term and long term plans, identifying a childs preferences, partnership with parents, and practical ideas for activities to promote development, eg a visit to the park would provide lots of space for Child X to run, climb and use the equipment which would helpRead MoreEsquel Group14861 Words   |  60 Pages ii CIVIC EXCHANGE - MEASURING SUSTAINABILITY AN INTRODUCTION TO MEASURING SUSTAINABILITY Study Aims The concept of sustainability has become more familiar in Hong Kong but the discussion of how organizations can become more sustainable in terms of economic, environmental and social performance is still at an early stage. Learning comes from doing. The more that an organization is prepared to try new ways of doing things, the more likely it is that the organization will find practical alternativesRead MoreHuman Resources Management150900 Words   |  604 Pagesand 2006. It is interesting to note that in Figure 1—1 most of the fastest-growing occupations percentagewise are related to information technology or health care. The increase in the technology jobs is due to the rapid increase in the use of information technology, such as databases, system design and analysis, and desktop publishing. The health care jobs are growing as a result of the aging of the U.S. population and workforce, a factor discussed later. Chapter 1 Changing Nature of Human ResourceRead MoreStrategic Human Resource Management72324 Words   |  290 PagesWhy is human resource management important? Ever since the earliest theories of management, the role of people within the organisation has been accepted and it is commonly recognised that someone in every organisation will need to be responsible for the various matters which arise in connection with the employment of people – commonly recognised as the HR function . This traditional view of managing the employment of people tends to be associated largely with tasks, techniques and procedures andRead MoreBrand Building Blocks96400 Words   |  386 Pagesagainst innovation and the pressure to invest elsewhere, are special problems facing strong brands. They can be caused by arrogance but are more often caused by complacency coupled with pride and/or greed. The final reason is the pressure for short-term results that pervades organizations. The irony is that internal forces and biases, which are under the control of the organization, cause many of the formidable problems facing brand builders today. 1. Pressure To Compete On Price There areRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagesmaintaining a practical focus on why organization theory matters. I felt in good hands here, confident that I was being offered a deeply informed, reliable and intelligently constructed account. The opening chapter carefully and helpfully explains terms, including ‘theory’ and ‘epistemology’ that can form an unexplored bedrock to texts in the field. It then offers thoughtful, scholarly and well-illustrated discussions of prominent theoretical perspective, including managerialism and postmodernityRead MoreManagement Course: Mba−10 General Management215330 Words   |  862 PagesManagement Course: MBA−10 General Management California College for Health Sciences MBA Program McGraw-Hill/Irwin abc McGraw−Hill Primis ISBN: 0−390−58539−4 Text: Effective Behavior in Organizations, Seventh Edition Cohen Harvard Business Review Finance Articles The Power of Management Capital Feigenbaum−Feigenbaum International Management, Sixth Edition Hodgetts−Luthans−Doh Contemporary Management, Fourth Edition Jones−George Driving Shareholder Value Morin−Jarrell Leadership

Friday, December 13, 2019

A Comparison of Poems against Racism Free Essays

Racism is intolerance and hatred of another race. Many protest poems are used by composers in society to express their desire for social change. â€Å"Strange fruit† by Lewis Allen and â€Å"took the children away† by Archie Roach are haunting lyrics protesting against the area of racism. We will write a custom essay sample on A Comparison of Poems against Racism or any similar topic only for you Order Now Both poets have been influenced by either personal events or events occurring in society. Both Allen and Roach effectively use strong poetic techniques and pursue subject matter to the audience through racism to create a desire for social change in the society. Strange fruit† was written in the mid-1930s about 60 years ago. Lewis Allen whom is a Jewish American communist had seen a photo in the paper of two young boys that had been beaten and hung. This horrific picture encouraged Allen to take action and write this lyric protesting about the lynching that had occurred in Americas South. Allen saw that the lynching of African Americans was generational. He protested against racism to create a desire in society for social change. The powerful techniques shown through the lyric â€Å"strange fruits† are extended metaphor and physical imagery. Extended metaphor is shown throughout the whole lyric as it is continuous which makes it more powerful. This helps the reader relate to the horrific situation and understand how Allen is feeling about the lynching. The physical imagery that is portrayed in the lyric is â€Å"the bulging eyes and twisted mouth†. This shows the haunting image of a person being hung and draws the responders attention to the strong confronting words used to describe the dead †black bodies†. The lyric is extremely confronting and distressing which is deliberately shocking to the audience in attempt to create a desire for social change. Took the children away† was written in 1990 by an indigenous Australian Archie Roach. He had a very difficult life by having a disturbed background and childhood. He was sadly removed from his family at a very young age which was known as â€Å"the stolen generation†. The difficulties that he had suffered as a child encouraged Roach to become a protest poet and stand up for the indigenous Australians. Roaches lyric produces a true story about the aboriginal children that had been forcefully detached from their families. The lyric is extremely confronting to the audience which creates them to feel the desire for social change. There are many poetic techniques employed throughout the lyric â€Å"took the children away† that encourage the responder to understand the racism and concept of the stolen generation. First person technique has been used strongly by Roach in attempt to show that it was his personal recount. This is shown in the finishing line of the lyric â€Å"yes I came back†. This visibly shows the responder that is was roach himself. Anaphora is a strong technique used effectively in the lyric. This is clearly shown in the last stanza â€Å"back to their mother; father, sister, brother, people, land† this shows how the indigenous children had been taken from their family and then later reunited. Therefore both techniques clearly shock the audience and connect with the responders emotions in order to make them see the need for social change. In conclusion â€Å"strange fruits† by Lewis Allen and â€Å"took the children away† by Archie Roach are clearly both powerful protest lyrics protesting against racism. The poetic techniques are used effectively to get their own personal opinion across to the audience. Therefore these effects show that there is a need to create a desire for social change in the society. Many protest songs and poems are used by composers in society to express their desire for social change. Archie Roach’s ‘Took The Children Away’ and Lewis Allen’s ‘Strange Fruit’ are both protest poems in which the area of racism is being protested against. Each poet has been inspired by either events in their life or events in society that they have felt deeply against. Both Roach and Allen adequately and effectively use a wide range of poetic techniques and language devices to successfully carry out their ideas against racism and create a desire for social change through subject matter their purposes are also achieved. Roach strongly uses first person along with anaphora to get his point of view across to the responder. Allen persuasively uses extended metaphor and juxtaposition to make the responder see the need for social change. Archie Roach is an indigenous Australian with a disturbed back ground and upbringing. He was removed from his family at young age as part of ‘the stolen generation’ Roach’s devastating childhood experiences inspired him to develop into a powerful protest poet and be a strong voice for indigenous Australians. A haunting story is told through roach’s song, a true story of aboriginal children being forcefully removed from their family as was done to thousands of aboriginal children during the application of the governments assimilation policies. It is a very confronting song that makes the responder feel a desire for social change. Took The Children Away’ is a protest poem which employs many powerful poetic techniques to encourage the responder to understand the effects and the injustices of racism and the stolen generation. One poetic technique from the lyric that can be highlighted as important is first person as it is very strongly used by roach in an attempt to display himself in the poem. First person is most effective in the finish ing line of â€Å"yes I came back† this is effective because the responder then finally realises that the poem is in fact a recount of what actually happened to Roach. Anaphora is also successfully used in the poem. In the last stanza anaphora is powerfully used by roach, â€Å"Back to their mother; father, sister, brother, people, land† this anaphora is used in order to state all the things that had been left behind and taken away from indigenous children of the time. The anaphora connects with the responder’s emotions in an attempt to shock the responder therefore making them see the need for social change. Lewis Allen was a Jewish man, a school teacher and also a member of the American communist party which was risky and unusual in its self at the time of the 1930’s. Allen was inspired to right by a photograph of a lynching he saw that shocked him. The subject matter of the poem is about the lynching of African Americans in Americas south. Allen saw the harsh injustices of racism and how it was generational â€Å"Blood on the leaves and blood at the root. † He protested against racism in order to create a desire in society for social change. Lewis Allen uses a range of poetic techniques and language devices in order to effectively get his purpose across to the responder. The extended metaphor of â€Å"strange fruit† is a very strong and helpful device. It makes the responder think about the harsh realities and injustices of racism in Americas south the word â€Å"strange† makes the responder comprehend the idea of lynching, it is â€Å"strange† not right, and it is unjust. Juxtapositions is also employed by Allen in the poem â€Å"Scent of magnolias, sweet and fresh/ Then the sudden smell of burning flesh† this juxtaposition is effective as it makes the responder see the harsh realities of lynching by putting these two things together it shocks the responder as it is from one extreme to the other and Allen is attempting to shock the audience in an attempt to create a desire for social change. How to cite A Comparison of Poems against Racism, Papers

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Case study on Marketing Management and Fundamental Strategies @Pepsi

Question: What are the fundamental publicizing strategies that make PEPSI the more incredibly effective thing? Answer: Executive Summary The end of the line of this elevating marketing plan is to make a reasoning about how PEPSI is progressed and appointed in the business. In this meander different investigation are driven, for instance, organization picture, target insistence, objectives targets, crucial business spots, SWOT examination, market investigation, promoting framework, focus on business focuses, advertising system, showcasing environment, purpose of contrasts position toward the end it was said that what are the fundamental publicizing strategies that make PEPSI the more incredibly effective thing. 1. Introduction Pepsi is world-momentous soft drinks thing. It is an amazingly nicely composed all inclusive association, which meets expectations in virtually all over the place all through the globe. They convey, one of best-carbonated beverages on the globe. Pepsi is an image of cleanliness, quality and organization, all over the place all through the globe. Pepsi is making Soda for more than 100 years, and it has expected control over the globe market for a long extend. Its headquarters is in New York. From the start, Pepsi was used as hacking syrup as a piece of America, and sold in drugstore. Yet the sort of that syrup was favored by the people and subsequently included water and carbonation and with the demise of your imperativeness and effort it is used as a reliable exhaust and now it is globe most noteworthy soda thing. In refreshment industry pioneer is Coca cola and Pepsi is fan. In 1909 more than 24 American States offered presentation to Pepsi to arrangement. Pepsi was at first shown in 6.5 ounces compartment. Pepsi was at first endorsed in 1932 (PepsiCo, 2015). In 1932 Pepsi was displayed a tremendous compartment of 12 ounces. In 1950, the Pepsi structure was a tad bit balanced and the sweet flavor and calories in Pepsi were diminished. In 1957, the compartment was changed in accordance with new eye-getting holder and the era was also extended by entry of two more things that were Teem and Mirinda. Today Pepsi is open to more than 100 million of customers which consolidates Asia and moreover Europe, Africa and America. 1.1. Competitor Pepsi's most noteworthy opponent is Coca Cola. Coca Cola is a general perceived thing. Coke's key strength is its thing name and Coke's method is not to change the thing name and pictures which are in the customers mind. Regardless Pepsi acknowledges that modify is must and if a thing is dependably held then its application begins diminishing. Pepsi with its centered advancing masterminding and smart mixed bag in making and publicizing new thoughts and appearance, is capably keeping is No.1 position (The Beverage Marketing Corporation , 2007). 1.2. Mission Business objective of Pepsi is to be the best and most prominent supplier of fizzy sodas. It is working for offering a top great quality refresher thing to energized gathering of spectators. It has an updated place by which it conveys the thing as demonstrated by the wellbeing necessities. It has different creators committed and have full enthusiasm for the extensive quality careful people to expend our thing. It has impelled ourselves towards marketing and unfathomable profit. It is dealing with the particular development by setting up the new apparatus by which it makes a standard spread of our supply to the client (Ostrow, 2007). 1.3. Aims The affiliation essential part is to accomplish the finest magnificent and their beginning and end routines are noteworthy with this reason. The affiliation is really productive in satisfying this reason, as they are known for their high bore in the business. Association's second principle part is organization. Close by the thing Quality Company by and large focuses on the marketing of the thing. Association's third protest is to fabricate their benefit from general limits. At the business stage, Pepsi has central and authority structure. All the game plan issues essential to differing associations and extents are made at the in the and recommendations are obtained from the mother or father office in USA, the clamp and close-by stage choices are made by additional itself, in the same path as the settlement framework, publicizing et cetera (Meghan Deichert, 2006). Pepsi has a game plan of making arrangements destinations for each extent. They have furthermore the destinations for making certain period of benefit from each extent. Plans essential to their goals and tenets are according to the accompanying: To achieve their objective of satisfying finest astonishing thing. They use their mechanical master terms to visit the various vegetation and amass examples to send them Seattle for lab dissecting, reliably. Instantly, they are get prepared for further getting the astonishing necessities by pushing the franchisers to use unique new techniques for total astounding organization. Thusly, those finest magnificent requirements could be gotten. They empower assorted pros of franchisers from unique nations to join in short tasks applicable to high bore at differing area head office. To perform their objective of new organization, they are spending stacks of money on RD. For completing their third end of extending general wage, they are get prepared to flourish their general limits. Especially, they are focusing on to those not made nations, which have high GDP and each family unit pay. 2. Analysis 2.1. SWOT Analysis 2.1.1. Strengths Association Image: It moreover is a tried and true association and is uncommon all over all through the globe. Perception is of making a top remarkable quality thing (Kumar, 2014). Quality Conscious: They help a top marvelous quality as Pepsi Worldwide collect outline from its different plants and pass on them for lab analyze in Seattle. Awesome Interaction with Franchise: Throughout its record it has a radiant regards with franchisers working in better places around the globe where they have the plants. Era Capacity: It has the change potential i.e. 60,000 Containers hourly for 250 ml 21000 compartments hourly for PET offers. Bit of the general business: It has a most prominent association and huge a far step head from its adversaries. Gigantic number of extends associations: This is furthermore its essential quality as it has moved in various associations, for instance, Pepsi drinks Pepsi foods Pepsi restaurants Hi Technical Culture: The whole lifestyle and business-working atmosphere at Pepsi - it has fast get to a central data source and they use PC structures as association resources for investigation and snappy decision making. Sponsorships: They fundamentally use superstars as a piece of their publicizing. Since people make pictures, and they hold quickly to their pictures. Furthermore attract social exercises applications like tunes etc. Mixture in thing Range: There is much thing differentiation in PEPSI in kind of various offers and makers. Old like "7 Up" much while youths like PEPSI youthful like "Mountain Dew" much as in examination to Pepsi. 2.1.2. Weaknesses Decreases in Taste: During the last season, it was by then released in Economical Publish that there has been enormous issues from the clients concerning the horrible flavor that they instructed in the midst of the time of six few weeks. Picture as a Franchiser: In their period in federal less obligation is maintained on them yet requital improves as they come in wellbeing. So the choice is not fitting as this part completely risky to their picture and the methods. Similarly a couple of individuals cure it as a regional market as in relationship to Pepsi because it is the plan of PEPSI as far and wide as possible. Short Phrase Approach: They have an absence of focus on this in their promoting, for instance, at present when they dissatisfactions the suit formal use in the 1996 Cricket Globe Cup they began a given in which they underscore the edge, for instance, nothing formal about it. Weak Distribution: They nonappearance behind in giving the non-urban spots and just amassing in the towns. 2.1.3. Opportunities Improving Population: As about in all over the place all through the globe measure of marketing is growing which hence upgrades the essential of things and particulars and especially in Japan the business is extending speedier as evaluate to other critical areas so they have a to charm new newcomers. Changing Public Trend: As in all over the place all through the globe people are surging towards waste sustenance and refreshment by virtue of life which has been able to be much quicker, it give the association leverage to catch this fast paced industry with its take away thing. Expanding: They may get into in clothing business to advance their thing name, by making activities outfits that mean their name by wearing their outfits. Furthermore they must have the ability to move towards snacks and juices. 2.1.4. Threats Elected Regulation: They experience issue if government execute evaluation on them, which control them to fabricate the expense of their thing. Crude Content Supply: Again this is moreover an authentic risk from it supplier just as supplier is baffled with the affiliation. He may reduce the give and control the affiliation. This development will completely influence the progression method. 2.2. Marketing Mix Analysis The second greatest soft drink organization on the globe, Pepsi has connected a few insightful systems in the last quite a while to improve its incomes and income. PepsiCo's improvement in treats like Lays, Quaker cereal, Cheetos and Kurkure have provided for them leeway over Coca Cola. In spite of the fact that Coca Cola is still the most obvious advancing thing, Pepsi has diminished their dependence on Sodas by developing their thing mix (PepsiCo., 2015). We are discussing the Marketing mix of Pepsi. We realize that the marketing mix is a compelling strategy and is continually changing with respect to cost and extraordinary offers. Therefore, cheers to Pepsi, which has constantly continued adjusting their marketing mix with the changing environment. Here is the Pepsi marketing mix or the 4P's of Pepsi. 2.2.1. Products There are 2 main product types: 2.2.1.1. Beverages Soft drinks Pepsi, 7up, Slice, Mirinda, Dukes, Mountain dew, Nimbooz, and Tropicana Mineral water Aquafina 2.2.1.2. Food Products Breakfast Quaker oats Snacks Uncle Chips, Cheetos, Lays, Kurkure, and Lehar Henceforth, Pepsi, differentiated and its foremost enemy Coca Cola, has connected in the morning supper and moreover treats zone. Coca Cola of course is present just in the drinks locale. The benefits of Pepsi's treats zone is that makers like Lays, Kurkure and Cheetos are in extraordinary essential. Quaker oats which is a latest extension is also upgrading in essential. So, the wages as a delayed consequence of the Foodstuffs is helping the essential point here of the association (Datamonitor, 2005). 2.2.2. Price Pepsi is in an industry which is overwhelmed by the two biggies Coca cola and Pepsi. Along these lines the evaluating of Pepsi is aggressive. In a war between Coca cola and Pepsi, not one or the other of the brands can win in the event that they enter a value war. This is on account of the expense of assembling and transportation is colossal. Subsequently, these organizations are liable to enter a brand war as opposed to enter a value war. Pepsi is referred to give limited time rebates and rebates on mass purchasing. For clients, as the holder size climbs, the rebates likewise climb. Accordingly a 2 liter pet of Pepsi will be moderately less expensive every 100ml when contrasted with a 250 ml pack. For merchants, the rebate is focused around the amount and also the installment terms. The better the installment terms or the higher the amount, the more is the rebate given in this way keeping the wholesaler roused. In any case, Pepsi needs to bring down its cost for the top retailers and mass purchasers. For instance The retailers and in addition hyper city are mass purchasers. Likewise fast food chains like McDonalds, KFC are additionally mass purchasers. These mass purchasers arrange with the soft drink brands on the premise of value and offer their items in colossal amounts. Accordingly, Pepsi needs to drop costs in these spots which influences the working edge of the brand. The edges of the organization are better through the merchants and lesser through mass purchasers. Be that as it may, the offers of the organization are higher to mass purchasers when contrasted with merchants. 2.2.3. Place Pepsi has a broad settlement system. It must be far reaching because the thing needs to be existing in every spot and scope of the nation to improve its salary. The standard procedure for convenience is through suppliers who in devotee outfit it with to suppliers, devouring spots, and essential need chains. The additional framework for convenience is straight through the relationship to immense customers and gigantic suppliers who buy straight from the affiliation. Therefore convenience course is according to the accompanying Association Supplier Small suppliers End customer Association Bulk customers End customer As expense is secured in the second representation, affiliations have the limit give better edges to Bulk customers. The vital undertaking in settlement is the expense of bundling furthermore the expense of transport. A couple of Pepsi's soft drink suppliers themselves may go about as suppliers of Kurkure, Lays and distinctive treats things as the convenience is through the same course. The things are also showcased from the same comfort shop. Along these lines, it seems sensible if the shipper of the soft drink is given the capacity to spread treats as well. Regardless, in a couple of circumstances, the wholesaler of soft drink may be individual from that of Snacks. 2.2.4. Promotions A champion amongst the most skilled reason Pepsi keeps up its thing picture is its excellent offers. Pepsi objectives essentially adolescents through distinctive Brand priests. The thing representatives have been the best superstars and moreover practices individual of the nation. Snacks like Kurkure and Lays focus on assorted fragments. Kurkure is known to focus on family treats and more settled gathering however lays objectives youths and the celebration notions. Gatorade targets simply practices as it is an activities eat up. Moreover Quaker oats, which is a latest release as opposed to distinctive things, targets morning dinner with a touch of masala. Pepsi uses all the press programs for its excellent offers. Close by ATL, Pepsi is similarly existing in BTL marketing. Moreover, nearby standard press ventures, Pepsi furthermore uses business remarkable offers and thing arrangements extraordinary offers at motivation behind acquisition. Markdown rates and appearance are persistently being consolidated to give the best mixture and worth to the client to upgrade buys and the thing regard. The fundamental thing is that Pepsi can't are available without the suitable exceptional offers. This is because of Pepsi related in the FMCG business, and in FMCG, you either execute or pass on. The FMCG business is one of the hardest business for associations. Regardless, Pepsi is continuing, and it is productive in the FMCG business. Likewise, expecting that Pepsi keeps re-creating its marketing mix so it continues being in the principle 2 sort of soft drinks. 3. Marketing Strategy 3.1. Targets To offer most foremost possible measure of cases, to have and endeavor to catch most raised possible business. Pepsi has set their showcasing targets, as demonstrated by the sources they have, and these goals are extremely fitting, under the current commanding position and the possible results. 3.2. Approach Focus framework is to accomplish the destinations, to offer customer the thing he needs. To offer Pepsi at an "a safe separation", to the customers. For this affiliation has consigned sufficient sources. 3.3. Plans Association has consigned sufficient sources to assorted industry. Sufficient sources are suited organization, notices, advancing and other promoting mix parts. This can be seen by the way of advancements made by Pepsi. Pepsi ads are routinely showed in the midst of the most exorbitant time on the crucial time in the midst of shows, syndicated projects, etc. They similarly pull in social events, musical show events, cricket suits etc. that consolidates astoundingly cost. In any case Pepsi has the limit get the favored results in exchange massive wander techniques in advancing, advancements and organization. 4. Marketing Environment 4.1. Demographic These movements and advancement shows a couple of dangers and potential results. Pepsi Worldwide keeps close methods for business styles and advancement in the business division. Extending development to places offers opportunity to Pepsi to fabricate its collecting, modify its expenses, as necessities be. Individuals are right now becoming more aware of calorie usage and are more careful about their wellbeing. Pepsi begin this illustration by giving consuming system variant to low calorie usage careful customers. So Pepsi Worldwide keeps a nearby eye accessible changes, happening in Pakistan and a while later plans its advancing strategies as demonstrated by these improvements. 4.2. Financial Pepsi is a luxury thing. Individuals can stay hydrated excessively instead of Pepsi. Regardless extending benefit reliably influences the affiliation. Exactly when various people have more non reusable wage, Pepsi offers more. It is also a desire thing. It has no formed purchase. Usually, we don't go out, especially to exhaust Pepsi. Constantly, we see Pepsi sign get ready to leave, and decide to buy Pepsi. 4.3. Political Progressions in authoritative environment moreover impact affiliation's systems. Higher measure of thing bargains obligation and concentrate commitment has been executed on the affiliation's thing, which influences the worth level, and at last the buying. It influences thing packaging. In light of current thing arrangements structure, creating more noteworthy tricks become enviable. 5. Conclusion PEPSI is the radiant trustworthy creators around the globe and one of the top thing. Individuals who are really thing careful they use this eat up (West, 2015). Individuals make a usage of this thing the best number of contrivances as they can. In view of support to assorted social activities or stars, this thing has a splendid picture to the people. Pepsi is such a thing, to the point that it will industry it itself these days even no additional force is needed. At any rate association is showcased it thing at its most huge possible by making markdown rates, Techniques or in articulation smooth key records. Brand trustworthy people use the things on account of marvelous flavor and high gauge. References [1] Datamonitor, 2005. Global Soft Drinks: Industry Profile, New York: Datamonitor.[2] Kumar, A., 2014. Finding weakness in the competitor strength. [Online] Available at: https://business.articlesarchive.net/finding-weakness-in-the-competitor-strength.html[Accessed 10 February 2015].[3] Meghan Deichert, M. E. E. K. L. P. . K. Z., 2006. Industry Analysis: Soft Drinks. Strategic Management in a Global Context. [Online] Available at: https://www.csbsju.edu/library/local/5thYear/zeigler_paper.pdf[Accessed 10 February 2015].[4] Ostrow, J., 2007. Disney Wields Its Marketing Magic. [Online] Available at: https://www.commercialfreechildhood.org/news/disneyweilds.htm[Accessed 10 February 2015].[5] PepsiCo., 2015. Performance with Purpose. [Online] Available at: https://www.pepsico.com/Purpose/Performance-with-Purpose[Accessed 10 February 2015].[6] PepsiCo, 2015. Overview: Company History. [Online] Available at: https://www.pepsico.com/PEP_Company/Overview/index.cfm.[Accessed 10 February 2015 ].[7] The Beverage Marketing Corporation , 2007. Carbonated Soft Drinks in the U.S.. [Online] Available at: https://www.beveragemarketing.com/reportcatalog3f.html[Accessed 10 February 2015].[8] West, L., 2015. What is the Problem with Soft Drinks?. [Online] Available at: https://environment.about.com/od/health/a/soft_drinks.htm[Accessed 10 February 2015].